On the 12th of January, 2023, Ginwali died from a stroke she suffered two weeks earlier. She died at the age of 90. Frene Ginwali was born on the 25th of April, 1932. Ginwali was an Indian South African.


She was a South African Journalist and politician. She was also the first speaker of the National Assembly of South Africa. She was an important figure in establishing democracy in South Africa and she also had an influence in the Constitution of South Africa. She was an anti-apartheid activist.


Frene Ginwali has written a number of books talking about various aspects of the struggle against injustice. Her efforts have been honored by international and local institutions and even the government. She got the North-South prize in 2003, the Order of Luthuli in silver in 2005 and the Order of the rising sun in 2008.



After her retirement as the speaker, Ginwali continued serving in a number of international organizations including UN subsidiaries, as Trustee of the Nelson Mandela Foundation and also a chancellor of the University of KwaZulu-Natal. She was appointed the first chancellor of the university in 2005 and at that time she was one of the only four female university chancellors in South Africa.


Using her anonymity, she played a great role in establishing underground escape tours for African National Congress members in the period following the Sharpeville massacre and the declaration of State of Emergency in 1960.


To honor her, South Africans have decided to observe seven days of mourning which started on the 17th of January, 2023.

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