Home Forums Tourist Attraction Centres in Africa HOW CAN TOURISM BOOST THE GDP OF COUNTRIES IN AFRICA

This topic contains 5 voices and has 4 replies.
5 voices
4 replies
  • Author
  • #6307
    Grace Amos



      According to the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), Tourism is defined as a social, cultural, and economic phenomenon that encompasses the movement of people to countries or places outside their usual environment for personal or business/professional purposes. Tourism is not just the movement of people for a particular purpose, it entails all the activities, services, and sectors involved in making a wonderful tourist experience.



      The tourism industry encompasses tourism, travel, and hospitality. Tourism can be domestic, within the traveler’s country, or international. International tourism has implications on the inflow and outflow of money to a country.



      Tourism is one of the primary catalysts of economic growth and job creation in emerging economies throughout the world. The uniqueness of Africa’s history and natural wonders are gaining attention even in the local and global increase in culture, heritage, and develop tourism.



      As aforementioned on international tourism, the influx of international tourists to emerging countries in Africa has often injected similar amounts of wealth into national economies as private and public sector investments, and also attracted development assistance from foreign governments. Statistics show that in 2015, foreign direct investment to the African continent totaled $54 billion and official development assistance amounted to $51.04 billion with tourism generating $39.2 billion and creating 9.1 million direct jobs within the sector.



      Recently, a number of countries increased their efforts to advance their travel and tourism industries, of which include Gambia, Kenya, South Africa, and Tanzania. This move was to accommodate over 62 million annual visitors to the African continent. Kenya and South Africa gained the largest amounts of tourism-focused investment, receiving about $404 million and $6.1 billion respectively. Countries like Madagascar, Ethiopia, and Gabon have shown relative interest and initiative in the tourism sector, while African countries such as Seychelles and Rwanda are prioritizing and up-scaling tourism. Morocco, South Africa, and Mauritius are among the top performers with a relatively mature tourism industry.



      The tourism industry has greatly played an important role in the global economy by contributing to a country’s GDP, service exports, and employment opportunities. GDP is an abbreviation for Gross Domestic Product. It is a monetary measure of the market value of all the final goods and services produced and sold in a specific period of time by countries. Basically, it is referred to as what is commonly used to measure the size of a country’s economy.



      The tourism industry has contributed greatly to Africa’s rich local communities, from offering many investment opportunities to generating economic activity and creating employment opportunities for women and young people. Here are some other ways tourism can boost the GDP of African countries;




      Tourism can create a demand for businesses to grow their service offerings. In a situation where is an influx in tourism, existing companies are saddled with the responsibility to improve their services which enables them to discover new service offerings that please international tourists. The creation of service demands can contribute to such companies, boosting the GDP of the country in the long run. So also, new businesses begin to surface to add to the community. Varieties of dining, entertainment venues, museums, transportation services, and healthcare facilities begin to emerge.




      As a result of new service offerings and new businesses emerging, there is also the creation of employment opportunities. This is because existing businesses find ways to expand while new ones appear, creating new job roles for people to fill. Particularly, industries like hotels, food service, and travel agencies begin to put out new job openings, in so doing eradicating unemployment in the country. New entrepreneurial opportunities surface as well as services like Airbnb to empower residents. Tourism accounts for 10% of the world’s jobs and GDP.




      Expansion in tourism can motivate the government of African countries to improve local infrastructure. For example, accessible public transportation and smooth roadways help tourists experience more of the community, good telecommunication systems can enable tourists to share their experiences with friends and family, and construction of more comfortable guest inns in the local communities.




      Increased tourism helps restaurants, retail stores, boutiques, and other varieties of business boost the potential of earning more because visitors tend to spend money with the community’s businesses. Because of this, most business owners and employees will have more money to spend within the local economy. There is also an increase in sales tax revenue which can be used to fund important infrastructural and environmental endeavors in the community and the country as a whole.




      The tourism industry can create many opportunities to invest in Africa’s rich local communities. In order to capitalize on the tourism investment potential, policy, and business leaders should work hand-in-hand to treat important investments to accommodate entrepreneurial innovations to attract more travelers to the country. Policymakers should remove the barriers to tourism development, attract investors and promote tourist destinations.

      • This topic was modified 6 months, 3 weeks ago by Admin.
    Topic tags

    You must be logged in to reply to this topic.