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    Victory Amah

      The Hadza tribe, known as Wahadzabe in Swahili is a protected Hunter-gatherer Tanzanian indigenous ethnic group from the Baray ward in the Southwest Karatu District of the Arusha Region. They preside around the Lake Eyasi basin in the central Rift Valley and the neighboring Serengeti Plateau. As of 2015, the population of the Hadza people living in Tanzania was between 1,200 and 1,300 but only around 400 Hadza still survive exclusively based on the traditional means of foraging.

      One peculiar thing about the Hadza people is that genetically, they are not closely related to any other people. Their language was once classified among the Khoisan languages, primarily because it has clicks, it is, however, thought to be isolated and unrelated to any other. Hadzane is an entirely oral language, but it is not predicted to be in danger of extinction. UNESCO states that the language is not endangered but vulnerable because most children learn it but the use is restricted to certain areas of life, for example to the home.

      A well-known fact is that Africans are not only creative, but their creativity is also usually rooted in symbolism, this boils down to even their attire. For the women of the Hadza tribe, it is three pieces of clothing; the skirts, made from the skins of female impala, softened with fat and rubbed until supple, sometimes decorated with beads, cowrie shells, and bells and it covers the buttocks and hips. The second piece of clothing is a garment made of cloth and beads for a married woman, or strings and beads that hang in front, for an unmarried woman. The third is an upper garment also made from impala hide, which can be used for warmth or to carry berries, babies, firewood, or meat.

      Men and boys of the Hadza tribe wear the skin of a small animal as a loincloth, its tail hanging down between their legs. The hide is held in place by a leather belt which may also hold a sheathed knife. Men, women, and children wear sandals to protect them from the thorns on the savanna. These were traditionally made from zebra or wildebeest hide, but soles made from old car tires are now more popular.

      They don’t have a particular uniform hairstyle, some dread their hair, some leave it in a fro while others cut everything. This tribe is known for using a knife to shave their hair, this may seem a little strange as it is almost impossible to use a knife to shave the hair. However, they do this with gentleness and expertise; a stick from a tree is separated and crushed, then soaked in water until the water becomes slimy, this slimy solution is now rubbed all over the hair and the styling commences. They usually adorn their hair with a very colorful and beautiful crown-like bead with some strings drooping down and a furry head wrap.

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