The Igbo people are the second largest ethnic group recognized in Nigeria and are one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa. They have a location in the eastern part of Nigeria consisting of five states, Imo, Enugu, Anambra, Ebonyi, and Abia states respectively.
They are a population of 35 million people spread around Nigeria, border countries, and diaspora. They are major traders and prosperous business people who have plied their trades in and outside the African continent.
The Igbo culture consists of the practices and traditions of the Igbo population and distinct features that come with their identities in appearance and choice of delicacies.
They are widely known and a lot of people from other tribes always associate themselves with their music as the genre is melodic and has a symphonic musical style. The sounds are made from forged iron, drums and flutes, igba, and ichaka, giving an entertaining session of music interlude that forces the hearers to dance or gesture to the produced sounds and rhythm.
The highlife is another form of Igbo music, a fusion of jazz and traditional music popular around the coasts of West Africa. Prominent Highlife musicians such as Chief Osita Osadebe, Oliver de Coque, Dr. Sir Warrior, Prince Nico Mbarga, and Bright Chimezie developed the Highlife genre of the Igbo language that is most times played during national functions, cultural events, and events marking births and deaths.
The widely practiced Igbo Art of masquerading and outfit is recorded as a festival with the display of numerous masquerades and believed that women are not expected to see a masquerade, and therefore are to remain indoors when these masquerades are announced to be coming out to mark several of their rituals and festivals.
It is also an important aspect of the Igbo people to mark the new yam festival as is also practiced by a majority of other ethnic groups around Africa. The new yam festival known as Iwaji is held for the harvesting of the new yam. It is an annual festival to secure a bountiful harvest of the staple crop.
Oji, loosely translated to Kola nut has a unique position in the culture and practice of the Igbo population both at home and abroad. Oji is served as an important part of events, especially during traditional wedding ceremonies, during the settlement of disputes, and when entering an agreement. It is broken into smaller pieces and 3 pieces at a special celebration and then distributed among attendees.
As practiced in most Nigerian and African ethnic groups, chieftaincy and royalty are also an integral part of the Igbo tradition and culture. The Nze na Ozo is a title reserved for highly successful men and women and given insignia to show their status and prominence.
Their traditional attire comprises little clothing in ancient times as the main purpose is to cover the genitals, while elders are fully clothed.
Children are usually unclothed till they attain adolescence. While the maidens and women wear loin clothes and clothing tied around their breasts to conceal their breasts and knotted at the back. They are also adorned with bead works around their necks, waists, wrists, ankles, and on their scarves. Maidens usually wear short.
The women carry their babies at their backs using a strip of clothing and fastened with a knot on their chest. Males tie wrappers between their legs and fastened at their backs as traditional attire at home and during functions. Some men also tie wrappers over their loin cloths.
In modern times, the attire most worn is those made from Isiagu, which is in resemblance to the African dashiki. It is a patterned adornment featuring pictorials of lion heads embroidered all over the clothing material. It is worn accompanied by a hat and either wrapper or trousers of black colour.