Africa have been in existence for a long time and we have people and events that have shaped our history of who we are and where we are coming from. Use this group to talk about histories pertaining to African origin.
Human history began in Africa and from about 4 million years ago, during the first ancestors of man, it is believed that ape-like creatures dominated the continent of Africa. They are believed to be related to our first parents. They made technology based on sharp tools and the use of crude tools made from stones, which constituted the basis of the Stone Age.
Humans explored the coasts of northward Africa about 1 million years ago and established the process of colonization of the planet by man.
Before the wearing-off of the Stone Age, Africans produced a huge collection that made up the prehistorical arts from paintings on stones and slabs dating as far back as 30, 000 years ago, and can be found preserved in the present day Namibia.
The San people of South Africa are known for their cave paintings dating from 8000 BC in the present-day Sahara regions.
The Sahara is an earlier site for the earliest new Stone Age culture discovered in Africa.
8000 – 3000 BC the Sahara supported majorly elephants, rhinoceros, and giraffes. It also supported hippos and fishes because of its friendly landscape in which Neolithic communities prospered from hunting and herding cattle. The paintings from this period suggest that dogs have been a long time domesticated and sometimes used during hunting outings by hunters.
The paintings of those times also suggest that people wore woven materials and made clothing from animal skins. They are also from records and archaeological explorations suggested to be skillful in pottery.
What later turned the Sahara into a desert at around 3000 BC was climate change which occurred due to a succession of humid and dry periods. This change ended the first developed culture of the African people in history.
During this interval, North Africa, particularly Egypt became the site where the great civilization of human history emanated from. Africa’s first civilizations began in 3000 BC with Egypt being the first site for civilization followed closely by Ethiopia. The civilization of Ethiopia was mostly influenced by the Arabians who were across the Red sea at that time. Egypt and Ethiopia are flanked by the desert to the west and equatorial jungle to the south.
During the 8th Century BC, the development of maritime trade along the Mediterranean coast was pioneered by the Phoenicians which brought Egypt to the north African context.
During 2000 – 500 BC, the people of sub-Saharan Africa, the majority to the south were the Khoisans. Their language was characterized by unique clicks and distinct sounds. The San (present-day bushmen) and Khoikhoi (Hottentots of present times) are the main division of the Khoisan tribes.
African tropical forests, in central Africa, are occupied by the Pygmies. The Bantu-speaking tribes from the north eventually dominated most of sub-Saharan Africa.
The Bantu languages were derived from the region of modern Nigeria and Cameroon. This western area bordering the Gulf of Guinea was the cradle of early African history and developments.
In this location, iron smelting as well as in other parts of the Sahara was known around the first millennium BC. The Nok culture also found its roots during this era lasting from the fifth century BC to the second century AD, which provided significantly magnificent counts of pottery and recognized African sculptures.
During the first millennium BC, tribes speaking Bantu languages began to migrate south and gradually made the Bantu dominants in closely all parts of the south around the African continent.
Around the southern regions of the desert, the first great kingdoms recorded in sub-Saharan Africa was established during the 1st millennium AD.