The Northern region of Nigeria is dominated by the Hausa people, who also make up the majority of the population nationwide. They speak the Hausa dialect and are primarily Muslims. Compared to Igbo and Yoruba traditions, traditional marriage in Hausa territory is less expensive. In comparison to the two other regions of Nigeria, the procedures are likewise not stressful. Based on Islamic or Sharia law, their marriage laws.
A man is not permitted to have personal contact with a lady he likes and intends to marry after first seeing her; instead, he must first tell his parents that he has fallen in love. The wedding planning process then begins.
Phase 1: The “Na gani ina” Stage
Here, the groom visits the bride’s family home with his male friends and kinsmen to announce their intention. Additionally, they match gifts such as kola nuts, fruits, candies, salt, and calabash. Accepting these gifts suggests that the bride’s family has approved their proposal, and vice versa. The groom will be permitted to view the potential bride after their proposal is accepted.
Phase 2: The Courtship Period
After this point, the potential pair is permitted to see one another, but not intimately. To stop pre-marital sexual practices, romance and other forms of sexual activity are restricted. The bride has the right to cancel the wedding if she is unhappy with the groom’s behavior after learning about each other’s strengths and flaws. However, if the bride decides she wants the man, she will let her parents know.
Phase 3: The “Gaisuwais” and “Sarana”
The bride’s parents will need to tell the groom’s parents the happy news following the bride’s approval of the groom (Gaisuwa). The bride price and the wedding date will then be discussed at a meeting between the two families. “Sarana” is the name for the procedure used to determine the wedding date. At this point, the intended couple is getting engaged. The bride price is always low because it is thought that Allah will reward you more for paying a cheap bride price. The Rubu Dinar, or “quarter kilogram of gold piece,” is the minimum payment, and goes up to whatever the groom’s family can afford to spend.
Phase 4: The Wedding (Fatihah)
On the Fatihah, the wedding day when the couple and their families are united, the dowry is paid. On this day, the bride’s “Sadaki,” or wedding payment, is paid. Men are responsible for paying the dowry because it is not anticipated that women go outside. The bride will be indoors with older women when the bride-price is paid. These women are in charge of adorning the bride with jewelry, cologne, and henna, also known as the lalei, to make her seem beautiful. This procedure, called “Kunshi,” is comparable to the bridal shower we know today.
Phase 5: The Reception (Walimah)
In the Islamic faith, gatherings when food and drink are served are referred to as Walimahs. There will be a lavish banquet following the conventional wedding. The bride will be brought out at this point, where she will receive advice and counsel from the older, married women before being led to her husband’s home. People, well-wishers, and villagers are fed and entertained during the daytime event known as Walimah. Both parents worked together to build the newlyweds’ home or place of residence. The house will be purchased by the groom and his family, while the bride’s family will furnish the home.
The marriage rites among the Hausa tribe is indeed interesting and one you will want to experience as it is filled with much entertainment and fun.