In ancient Africa, there were very honorable, brave, and outstanding Queens that ruled over ancient Kingdoms and dominated as Superiors in the affairs of running a Kingdom successfully.
Among these phenomenal Queens that once ruled was Queen Amina of Zaria Nigeria, Kandake – the empress of Ethiopia, Makeda – the Queen of Sheba, Ethiopia, Nefertiti, the Queen of ancient Kemet, Egypt, Yaa Asantewa – Ashanti Kingdom, Ghana, and Queen Nandi of the Zulu kingdom, South Africa.
However, among these distinctive rulers of all times, our most powerful black queen happens to be Queen Amina of Zaria, Nigeria.
Her Royal Highness’ name was Amina Mohamud. According to legends, she was a Hausa warrior queen of the ancient city of Zazzau, Zaria in Kaduna, in what is present-day northwest Nigeria. Growing up, her exceptional leadership skills and prowess was discovered by her grandfather, and thereupon he allowed her to attend state meetings. This sure contributed to her sudden grooming and growth and eventual elevation to power in later times.
She was as history describes her, the real ruler born in the mid-sixteenth century. It is interesting to know that she was the first woman to become the Sarauniya, loosely translated to a queen in a society dominated and known to have less relevance for women’s dominance and rule.
During her rule, she expanded the domination of the Hausa tribe to where they are now located.
The Kano Chronicles epically narrates her story as a legendary narrative of combined bravery and breaking the dichotomy of the myth always held of men being more superior over the women folks in terms of leadership and considering the significant royalty of the position she assumed, and the powers vested on her to rule and expanded the ancient kingdom by conquering other territories.
For her bravery and feat during the time she ruled over the kingdom of Zaria, she has been immortalized in the modern Nigerian State by erecting a statue of her in the center of Lagos State, Nigeria.
Queen Amina was born around 1533 in Zaria and lived for approximately 200 years before the Sokoto Caliphate was established. This was during the British colonial rule that followed the Islamic Jihad in the 19th century. Her father, Bakwa of Turunku lived in Zazzau and was a ruler in those ancient times. She was born into a wealthy family as the trading of imported cloths, metals, and kola nuts prospered at that time.
At her father’s death in 1566, her younger brother succeeded him. However, her brother died after a ten-year rule, and having the grooming of being trained among the warriors of Zazzau cavalry and having ascended to the leadership position in the cavalry, and accumulating wealth, military skills, and respect from the Zazzau military, she ascended to the throne and reign over the kingdom.
She had a 20, 000 army and throughout the 34 years of her reign, she expanded the Hausa land by conquering 5+ kingdoms.
She was a legendary warrior Queen and left a legacy that has long been the backbone of the history of the Zazzau emirate in Zaria, Kaduna state, North-western Nigeria.