In other aspects of the African cultural heritage, Architecture has been the involvement in centuries past and still exists in recent times in some interior and rural parts across Africa, where dwellings and homes are built to shelter the typical African tribes from weather and other conditions for safety.
Materials majorly used to develop this Architecture ranged from mud, stones, bricks, raffia, wood, thatch, and rammed earth. However, the usage of these materials in African Architecture varies from region to region where they are either scarce or abundantly available. For instance, material preference in North Africa is stone and rammed earth, West Africa had readily available mud, central Africa uses thatch/wood and other perishable materials while Southeast and Southern Africa use stone and thatch and wood.
Africans have over the decades developed their unique type of Architecture that has been exceptional aesthetic and has embedded cultural symbols, designs, and colours in the general finishes of these abodes, making them uniquely stand out and portray the true cultural heritage of the African race.
At a glance, we will be running through some of the major and much-talked-about African Architecture across the African Continent, the first being the most popular pyramids of Egypt.
The Great Pyramids of Giza are the most magnificent pyramids ever constructed across the globe, and it is a global and phenomenal monument of the rarest of African Architecture
These pyramids are no symbols of architecture at that time alone, but symbolize the role and influence the ancient pharaohs played in the sustenance of African Architecture in ancient Egypt. For centuries on end, the site of the pyramid is a wonder and a busy tourist site all year round.
In Ghana, curved stones, thatch roofs, and mud walls constituted their architecture depending on readily available construction materials.
Homes and other buildings had roofs made from thatch and walls which were conventionally made from wood or mud. The economic value of rammed earth, its sustainability, and being environmentally friendly made it a widely used material for most housing units. Some African architects also uphold the belief that rammed earth for walls and floors is the perfect solution for housing deficits.
The oldest Mosque in Ghana, the Larabanga Mosque is one of the few standing structures depicting traditional Ghana architecture. Its walls were made from mud and wooden poles resembling other traditional mosques found around the coasts of West Africa.
From Nigeria and the Asante regions of Ghana, a found forest-dwelling came about due to the early interactions of the Europeans and local traders.
The Akan people built rectangular dwellings which were home to thousands of early dwellers. The Igbo and Yoruba tribes of Nigeria were also known to build rectangular houses which were insulated by mud walls and thatched roofs.
Due to early interactions with European traders, the Akan people built rectangular homes with flat roofs. The Igbo and Yoruba of Nigeria also built rectangular houses, with the walls insulated using mud. The roofs were thatched. The Fon of Benin and the Baule of Cote d’Ivoire also shared lookalike architectural structures same as the Asante of Ghana who used poles and mud-infillings for sustained walls.
Not to leave out the Aksumite Architecture from Ethiopia which got its name from Aksum dating back to the first century and its influence years after its collapse some 1000+ years ago was still felt centuries after and till recent African architectural era The dwellers of Aksum were traders in luxury goods and their wealth made it possible for the building of urban centers and this was how the city came to be.
The Great Enclosure and Zimbabwe Architecture have three major architecture types which are the valley complex, the great enclosure, and the hill complex.
Much of Zimbabwe’s architecture was influenced by traditional and colonial architecture in which architects mostly built conical dwellings with stone barriers.
In recent times, modern architectural structures such as the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe, Harare International Airport, and the Kingdom Hotel Complex have embedded some designs that are symbolic of the typical African architecture.
Other indigenous African architecture in existence also includes the Sudano-Sahelian Architecture of Mali, Single-cell, round huts of Southern Africa, dwellings for nomads and pastoralists in East Africa, compounds of the Tswana, Zulus, and Swazis, the Coastal communities of Kenya, Cameroon, and Tanzania, and the Nyakyusa African architects from Tanzania are recognized to use bamboos in building tall houses with pyramidal roofs.
This topic was modified 3 months, 1 week ago by afrisqua.