African countries in recent times have been implementing and executing joint projects and indigenous projects that have added to the speed of their development. Western and Asian countries have no doubt contributed to this effort and have found Africa as a destination with a booming economy and thereby their investment portfolio in Africa is driving a fast pace of development all around 54 countries in Africa. However, some very significant development projects have held so much significance for the economic growth and tourism of Africa as a continent.
Among these is the Grand Inga Dam in Congo.
The Grand Inga Dam is in the record the world’s largest proposed hydropower project, and it is being built on the Congo River in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is of great significance in the country’s vision to assist in the development of a continent-wide power system.
At completion, the project is expected to generate about 40,000 MW of power, which is enough to power nearly half of the continent and is nearly twice as large as China’s Three Gorges Dam. The cost for the completion of the project is estimated to be approximately US$80 billion.
Next is the Dangote Oil Refinery, located in Lagos, Nigeria.
The refinery project is believed to become the world’s largest single privately-owned oil refinery. It has a capacity of 650,000 barrels per day and is sure to boost the economic growth of Nigeria and Africa at large. It is also estimated to create thousands of jobs for the African populace.
It is estimated to cost a whopping sum of US$14 billion. The refinery is also expected to increase the country’s oil exports and decrease its reliance on petroleum product imports.
Bagamoyo Port in Tanzania is another massive project set to become the largest port ever in East and Central Africa.
Tanzania is in collaboration with China, and Oman on the execution of the project. The project is expected to cost a sum of around US$10 billion and is expected to take about 30 working years to complete the project and open for operations.
The New Capital City, Egypt which is rising from the desert is set to bring about conducive breath to Cairo.
The city is designed to have a recreation park that is estimated to be twice the size of New York City’s Central Park, with a solar energy farm covering 90 square kilometers, and several artificial lakes. It is expected to house a population of 7 million people with more space to save.
Konza Technology City in Kenya
Konza Technology City in Kenya is a proposed smart city project that will be built around the eastern part of Kenya. It is one of the country’s Vision 2030 blueprints and is expected to create approximately 17,000+ jobs when completed.
The project is modeled after the widely known Silicon Valley situated in the United States, hence called the name “African Silicon Savanna.” The total cost of the project is an estimated sum of US$14.5 billion.
In Kenya, the Standard Gauge Railway is estimated to be completed on a bill of US$9.9 billion to build a 969-kilometer standard gauge railway from Mombasa to Malaba. This has been foretold as one of Africa’s largest and most ambitious transportation infrastructure projects so far. The construction of the new railway in Nigeria’s economic city Lagos to Calabar is a 1,400-kilometer railway, which will cost a whopping sum of US$10 billion to complete. It is undoubtedly one of Africa’s major infrastructure projects.
Not to forget to mention the Hydroelectric Power Project in progress in Nigeria. The mega hydro power dam is initiated to improve Nigeria’s energy production. Known as the Mambila Hydroelectric Power Project, it has been planned for more than three decades and is one of Africa’s largest construction projects. The Grand Dam located in Ethiopia, formerly known as the Millennium Dam, is a gravity dam being built on Ethiopia’s Blue Nile River in Benishangul-Gumuz.
The project’s inception began in 2011 and is presently 70% to completion.
When completed, the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam will be Africa’s largest hydroelectric power plant and the world’s seventh-largest. More amazing is the fact that it is estimated to take 5 to 15 years to fill the reservoir with water.
These and more infrastructure projects within Africa are opening doors for industrialization, economic growth, job creation, and reduced dependency on western and Asian countries, which is a welcome development to maximize our vast resources of both human and natural sources.